With all due respect to Jack Nicklaus, Tom Weiskopf and Donald Ross, Tom Fazio is the undisputed king of modern mountain architecture. From the Blue Ridge to the Rockies and numerous ranges in between, the master architect has more nationally ranked mountain layouts than his World Golf Hall of Fame contemporaries combined.

The former native designed 32 (nearly a third) of the courses on Golfweek / USA Today’s 2020 list of the “Top 100 Residential Golf Courses in the U.S.” For courses ranked 101-200, he has 11 more design credits.

So enamored with mountain golf in general, and mountain golf, specifically, Fazio chose Hendersonville (where he also lived while working on Champion Hills) for his office and nearby Lake Toxaway for his summer home.

For golfers looking to tee it up at elevations where the temps are cool and the tee shots soar, here are 10 of Fazio’s best highland designs.

Champion Hills

The golf cognoscenti and course rankings experts agree: Champion Hills is one of Fazio’s seminal designs, a game-changing layout that along with Wade Hampton forever altered the way mountain golf c

Champ Hills Golf

Champ Hills

ourses were routed and built. At Champion Hills, Fazio artfully demonstrated that playing at altitude didn’t have to mean blind shots and uneven lies. And playing to 6,510-yards from the back tees, the timeless layout reminds players that 7,000 yards is an arbitrary measurement of “championship” caliber golf.

Diamond Creek

Former Winged Foot head professional John McNeely and Frederica (St. Simons, Ga.) owner Wayne Huizenga founded this uber exclusive golf club in Banner Elk, N.C. As the story goes, they had their sights set on working with Fazio and Fazio only. McNeely made the two-hour drive down to Hendersonville to personally pitch Fazio at his office. The rest, as they say, is history.

Diamond Creek

Diamond Creek

Mountaintop

Situated in neighboring Cashiers, Mountaintop, along with Wade Hampton, Diamond Creek and Champion Hills completes ’s famed foursome of Fazio mountain marvels. The layout climbs gradually from a valley floor to a mountaintop pinnacle that serves as the inspiration for the course’s name.

Wade Hampton

Like Champion Hills, Wade Hampton was a late 80s western layout that clearly established Fazio as the nation’s premier mountain golf craftsman. Also similar to Champion Hills, Wade Hampton is “private golf Fazio” at the top of his game: generous fairways, flowing bunkers and severely undulating greens.

Wade Hampton

Wade Hampton

Gozzer Ranch

Given its proximity to chic Coeur D’Alene, Idaho, it’s little wonder that Gozzer Ranch attracts more than its fair share of celebrity golfers. Former New York Yankee Alex Rodriguez is a frequent guest, and hockey great Wayne Gretzky is a long-time member. Fazio routed several holes along the site’s basalt bluffs, where 100-foot-high spires, crags and cliff faces are back-dropped by sweeping views of the lake and nearby mountains.

Gozzer-Ranch

Gozzer Ranch

Red Sky Ranch

Located near the Vail and Beaver Creek ski resorts, Red Sky Ranch sits at a breathtaking (literally) 7,000 feet on a former sheep ranch. Its routing rises and falls amid 600-feet of total elevation change throughout its 7,113-yards. A 7,113-yard stunner, this top-of-the-world layout offers panoramic views of Castle Peak to the west and Vail’s fabled Back Bowls to the east.

Red Sky

Red Sky

Shooting Star

At Shooting Star in celebrity-soaked Jackson Hole, Wyo., Fazio devised a brilliantly simple method of designing an eminently playable mountain golf course: site the majority of the holes in a valley. Well, a 25-acre meadow to be precise, but the result is just as stunning as any of Fazio’s highland heroics. There are also over 50 acres of lakes on property that come into play on 13 of 18 holes.

Martis Camp

The Lake Tahoe region is coveted by many architects, and a design credit in the high Sierras is a mountain golf badge of honor. Set at 6,100-feet above sea level amid 2,177 rambling acres, Martis Camp is considered by many, including former player and two-time U.S. Open champion Lee Janzen, to be among Fazio’s greatest courses.

The Stock Farm

Fazio designed Stock Farm in the southwest corner of Montana’s Big Sky country in the very heart of the Bitterroot Valley. The course originally opened in 1999, and Fazio returned in 2018 for a complete renovation including rebuilding green complexes and bunkers. Situated at a reasonable 3,500 feet, it’s the views of the surrounding Bitterroot Mountains that cause golfers to reach for their smartphone cameras.

Proghorn

The Fazio Course at Proghorn in Bend, Ore., is unquestionably one of the most visually stunning golf courses in the U.S. Its rolling fairways and sculpted greens are punctuated by ancient lava rocks that create a surreal, almost Mars-like effect. Considered one of the most unique holes in the world, the par-3 eighth hole includes a 45-foot canyon and exposed lava tube.

Proghorn

Proghorn